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Biskajský most – nejstarší gondolový most na světě

13. listopad 2014 Reklama

Biskajský most neboli Puente Colgante se táhne přes řeku Nervion ve městě Portugales ve Španělsku. v současné době toto místo tvoří prakticky jednotný sídelní útvar s největším baskickým městem, které se nazývá Bilbao. Jde o nejstarší gondolový most na světě a zároveň první most, po kterém se lidé i auta pohybovali po zavěšené silnici. Tento model by později samozřejmě mnohokrát kopírován a dnes už nám to tak unikátní nepřijde. Přesto byl tento most pro svoje prvenství a jedinečnost v roce 2006 zapsán na Seznam světového kulturního dědictví UNESCO.

zdroj Wikipediazdroj Wikipedia

Střípky z historie

Nejstarší most na světě byl postaven v roce 1893. Šlo o dílo, které vymyslel konstruktér Alberto Palacio. Palacio byl jedním z žáků Gustava Eiffela, autora známé Eiffelovy věže. Hlavním úkolem mostu bylo snadné propojení obou břehů. Myšlenka gondolových mostů vznikla ve chvíli, kdy se zjistilo, že je značně nepraktické vybudovat zvedací most a zároveň bylo obtížné použít přívoz. Most byl částečně poškozen výbuchem nálože dynamitu v průběhu španělské občanské války. To byl snad jediný okamžik, kdy byl most na krátkou dobu zavřený. Jinak funguje po celou dobu od své výstavby až do současnosti.

Nadčasová stavba

Biskajský most je 45 metrů vysoký a má rozpětí neuvěřitelných 160 metrů. Most byl postaven z materiálu, která se tradičně používal v 19. století. Hlavní materiál tvoří železo společně s novými technologiemi odlehčených kroucených ocelových lan. Visutá gondola představovala absolutní novinku své doby. Není se tedy čemu divit, že Biskajský most sloužil jak vzor pro podobné mosty, které se později stavěly v Evropě, Americe i Africe. Zároveň jde o patrně jediný most, který se dochoval dodnes v tak dobrém stavu. Biskajský most je dokonce považován za jednu z vynikajících architektonických staveb průmyslové revoluce.

Biskajský most je pro automobily i chodce v provozu každý den od 5 do 22 hodin a to v intervalu osmi minut. Je součástí integrovaného dopravního systému města Bilbao. Za poslední dobu byl most značně zmodernizován, aby odpovídal standardům současné doby. Do pilířů byly instalovány výtahy, které umožňují turistům procházku po mostě a výhled na přístav a záliv. Výtah je prosklený, tudíž vám zaručí skutečně jedinečný zážitek.

Na lávce mostu může být kvůli bezpečnosti najednou maximálně 50 lidí. Pokud fouká silnější vítr, je lávka zavřená. Z centra Bilbaa se lze k mostu dostat poměrně snadno. Nejjednodušší je využít metra do stanice Areeta nebo pak druhou linku do Portugalete. Pokud se vám nebude chtít jet metrem, jednoduše využijete autobus či vlak. Příjemný výlet si můžete udělat také lodí, jako dvouhodinovou okružní jízdu.

Pokud se rozhodnete navštívit Bilbao, pak se tento most stane příjemným zpestřením prohlídky města. Tato unikátní stavba vám zajistí bezesporu jedinečný výhled do kraje.

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Autor Martina Richterová

Autor: Martina Richterová

Autorka žije v Praze. Psaní se věnuje dva roky. Mezi hlavní zájmy patří čtení, cestování. Je maminkou tříletého syna.


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